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Figure c105/f001
Figure 105.1
The Kaposi–Stemmer sign: an inability to pinch or pick up a fold of skin at the base of the second toe indicates lymphoedema.
Figure c105/f005
Figure 105.5
Acute and chronic lipodermatosclerosis; the bright red skin (acute) could be mistaken for bacterial cellulitis but it is an inflammatory response to t...
Figure c105/f009
Figure 105.9
Solid facial oedema.
Figure c105/f013
Figure 105.13
Lymphoedema of the pendulous abdomen and mons pubis from obesity.
Figure c105/f017
Figure 105.17
Classification pathway for primary lymphoedema. Text in red indicates the suggested genetic test for the subgroup. Please refer to Table for the def...
Figure c105/f021
Figure 105.21
Atruncular lymphatic malformation without lymphoedema.
Figure c105/f025
Figure 105.25
Benign lymphangiomatous papules (atypical vascular lesions) post radiotherapy.
Figure c105/f029
Figure 105.29
Pretibial myxoedema.
Figure c105/f033
Figure 105.33
Lymphangiosarcoma arising in primary lymphoedema.
Figure c105/f002
Figure 105.2
(a) Normal lymphoscintigraphy. Images show patent lymph routes draining tracer from the feet to the ilio‐inguinal nodes. (Courtesy of Professor A. M....
Figure c105/f006
Figure 105.6
The lymphatic vessel sits centre stage for immune cell trafficking within the skin. DC, dendritic cell. (From Mortimer et al. 2014 [ ].)
Figure c105/f010
Figure 105.10
Oro‐facial granulomatosis exhibiting redness and indurated swelling of the right upper lip.
Figure c105/f014
Figure 105.14
Carcinoma erysipeloides (carcinoma telangiectatica): the red vessels are dermal lymphatic vessels infiltrated with adenocarcinoma of the breast.
Figure c105/f018
Figure 105.18
A patient with classic lipoedema. (a) Symmetrical fatty swelling of both lower limbs with sparing of the trunk. Increased adipose deposition of the up...
Figure c105/f022
Figure 105.22
Truncular lymphatic malformation with blood‐filled cutaneous lymphangiectasia and lymphoedema.
Figure c105/f026
Figure 105.26
 Vulval lymphangiectasia showing acquired lymphangiomas (lymphangiectasias) following cervical cancer treatment. The lymphangiomas were mistaken for g...
Figure c105/f030
Figure 105.30
Elephantiasis verrucosis nostras showing marked hyperkeratosis and papillomatosis.
Figure c105/f034
Figure 105.34
Lymphoscintigraphs showing the uptake of technetium‐99 in the inguinal lymph nodes (ILNs) at 2 h after injection in the normal lymphatic system and in...
Figure c105/f003
Figure 105.3
Lymphoedema associated with chronic venous disease.
Figure c105/f007
Figure 105.7
Recurrent cellulitis in lymphoedema following breast cancer treatment. Note lymphangitis crossing the watershed to the contralateral lymph node territ...
Figure c105/f011
Figure 105.11
Severe facial lymphoedema following treatment for carcinoma of the tongue.
Figure c105/f015
Figure 105.15
Breast lymphoedema following cancer treatment. Note pitting from bra indentations in the skin of the right breast.
Figure c105/f019
Figure 105.19
Yellow nail syndrome showing slow‐growing, overcurved, thickened nail plates and hand oedema.
Figure c105/f023
Figure 105.23
Amniotic bands and lymphoedema.
Figure c105/f027
Figure 105.27
The life cycle of filarial nematodes in the human and mosquito hosts. Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and B. timori have similar life cycles. ...
Figure c105/f031
Figure 105.31
Acquired cutaneous lymphangiectasia leading to ulceration of the lower leg.
Figure c105/f035
Figure 105.35
(a) Baseline magnetic resonance lymphangiography (MRL) images taken from a patient prior to contrast injection. His phenotype is of lymphoedema distic...
Figure c105/f004
Figure 105.4
Causes of mixed lymphovenous disease and phlebolymphoedema.
Figure c105/f008
Figure 105.8
Madelung disorder. (a) Benign symmetrical lipomatosis (also known as benign symmetrical lipomatosis of Launois–Bensaude, Madelung disease, multiple sy...
Figure c105/f012
Figure 105.12
(a) Lymphoedema of the penis secondary to ano‐genital granulomatosis. There may be no sign of inflammation. (b) Genital lymphoedema secondary to hidra...
Figure c105/f016
Figure 105.16
Massive localized lymphedema of the right thigh showing marked ‘cobblestone’ skin changes.
Figure c105/f020
Figure 105.20
Lymphangioma circumscriptum showing fluid‐filled vesicles resembling frogspawn. At times the vesicles can contain blood, weep clear fluid (lymphorrhoe...
Figure c105/f024
Figure 105.24
Kaposiform lymphangiomatosis showing a Kaposi sarcoma‐like rash with localized lymphoedema of the breast and chest wall associated with haemoptysis.
Figure c105/f028
Figure 105.28
Lower limb lymphoedema due to podoconiosis. Note the presence of toe maceration and typical ‘mossy’ appearance of the foot. (Reproduced with permissi...
Figure c105/f032
Figure 105.32
Macerated web‐space skin leads to bacterial entry points and fungal infection.
Figure c105/f036
Figure 105.36
(a) Toe (or finger) bandaging with cotton crepe bandages. (b) Sub‐bandage wadding over a tubular cotton bandage. (c) Short‐stretch compression cotton ...