Discoid lupus erythematosus showing atrophy of the epidermis, keratotic plugging, liquefaction degeneration of the basal layer, oedema and hyalinizati...
Warty lesions of the feet in chronic lupus erythematosus.
Tumid lesions of the face in discoid lupus erythematosus.
Telangiectatic lupus erythematosus of the cheek.
Lupus erythematosus profundus.
Immunoglobulin at the dermal–epidermal junction in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Annular lesions of discoid lupus erythematosus resembling erythema multiforme and associated with characteristic immunological abnormalities (Rowell s...
Necrotic crusted leg ulcers in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Bullous lupus erythematosus of the face and neck.
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease) of the lymph node. (Courtesy of Dr W. Merchant, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK.)...
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). (a) The degeneration of the basal layer and predominantly lymphocytic infiltration are well shown. (b) CD8 stained ...
Scarring in discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). (a) Preauricular DLE with pigmentation around the scarred area. (b) Cribriform scarring in DLE.
Pigmentary changes in discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). (a) Patches on the scalp of a black person. (b) DLE in an Asian patient showing marked hyperp...
Gyrate erythema in lupus erythematosus.
Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus. (a) Papulosquamous eruption on the back. (b) Annular polycyclic lesions on the chest.
Systemic lupus erythematosus. (a) Typical symmetrical, slightly scaling erythema of the face and neck. (b) Erythema of the dorsa of the hands and fore...
(a) Extensive nail fold necrosis and (b) nail ridging in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Extensive livedo reticularis in the setting of systemic lupus erythematosus.
Systemic lupus erythematosus involving the palate.
Different types of antinuclear factor demonstrated on Hep‐2 cells: (a) homogeneous type, (b) peripheral type, (c) speckled type, and (d) nucleolar typ...
Localized discoid lupus erythematosus showing typical scaling on the fingers.
Typical lesions in the ear in discoid lupus erythematosus.
Discoid lupus erythematosus of the ear with scarring and atrophy.
‘Chilblain’ lesions in a patient with Ro‐positive systemic lupus erythematosus.
Lupus erythematosus cells: the phagocytosed nuclear material is homogeneous and displaces the polymorph nucleus to one side.
Systemic lupus erythematosus showing acute cutaneous lupus of (a) the arms and (b) the face.
Blue nail discoloration as a result of antimalarial therapy.
Degos‐like lesions in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Pulmonary infiltration in systemic lupus erythematosus. This cleared in approximately 2 years on treatment with corticosteroids.
Typical ‘raccoon’ eyelid lesions in neonatal lupus erythematosus.
Localized discoid lupus erythematosus of the scalp showing follicular plugging.
Rosaceous pattern seen in 7.5% of patients with discoid lupus erythematosus.
Disseminated discoid lupus erythematosus. (a) Plaques on the back of the hands. (b) Characteristic redness and scaling of the toes.
Unusual spindling of the fingers and hyperextension of the distal phalanges in discoid lupus erythematosus.
Libman–Sacks endocarditis. Note the warty vegetations on the heart valves.
Systemic lupus erythematosus showing discoid lesions on the hands characteristically sparring the interphalangeal joints.
Unruly ‘lupus hair’ with diffuse alopecia.
Multiple papules on the back due to mucinosis in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Erythematous facial plaques in Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease.